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Euskara Institutua
Dictionary of Contemporary Basque (DCB)

The Institute for the Basque Language (IBL) is working on a scientific project aimed at creating an online encyclopaedia of the Basque language: grammar, dictionary, historical information, etc. Some parts of this project are already partially or wholly available online, namely:

  • Contemporary Reference Prose (CRP)
  • Dictionary of Standard Basque in Contemporary Prose (DSBCP)
  • The Lexicon, past and present (LPP)
  • Dictionary of Contemporary Basque (DCB)

In addition to these projects, the IBL has conducted workshops (2002,2005, 2008) on terminology and has compiled a range of materials for teaching university courses in Basque. Also available is a grammar written in English

Given their nature, most of our projects are available in Basque. This explanation in English is intended to give the reader an idea of the type of work undertaken by the Institute.

The Dictionary of Contemporary Basque (DCB) is a project designed to make available online a dictionary of Basque as it is used today, based on prose (books and newspaper articles) written between 2000 and 2007 and selected for its linguistic quality. The 25.1 million-word language corpus comprising these texts is entitled Ereduzko Prosa Gaur (Contemporary Reference prose), and is available online: http://www.ehu.es/euskara-orria/euskara/ereduzkoa/.

Based on this corpus, the Institute compiled its first dictionary. Called the Dictionary of Standard Basque in Contemporary Prose (Hiztegi Batua Euskal Prosan), it compares the lexicon used by 21st century writers according to the Contemporary Reference prose corpus available at http://www.ehu.es/euskara-orria/euskara/ereduzkoa/, with the unified lexicon published by the Academy of the Basque Language in 2000 (http://www.euskaltzaindia.net/hiztegibatua/).

In the DCB on this page, you can look up words under the first 23 letters after C. The remaining letters will be added in the months to come. These letters (C,D,F,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,N,Ñ,O,P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W,X) account for a total of 332.203 examples. Each entry consists of a definition plus different meanings of the word. Clicking on the word opens up a number of examples for each of the meanings. Below this part, without leaving the page, there is further information about the same entry in the form of word groups that authors repeatedly use. Clicking on these word groups accesses the original sentences, so that it is always possible to see the lexical entry in context. Finally, in a third section on the same page, the use of this lexicon can be compared with the unified lexicon published by the Academy of the Basque Language in 2000 (http://www.euskaltzaindia.net/hiztegibatua/).

It will be several more years before this project is completed. With time, additional information will be incorporated, including: technical terms, grammatical information, historical information, etc.

EEH has been financed in part by the Aurten Bai Foundation (from 2007 through 2010) and the Lagun Aro Foundation (from 2008 on. Further funding has been provided by the Ministry of Science and Innovation of the Spanish government (HUM2007-29151-E), as well as by the departments of Culture and Education, Universities and Research branch of the Basque government.

DCB (in Basque)

Fecha de la última modificación: 28/10/2014