You will open the main page of UPV/EHU in a new window (spanish)

Euskara Institutua
The Lexicon, past and present (LPP)

The Institute for the Basque Language (IBL) is working on a scientific project aimed at creating an online encyclopaedia of the Basque language: grammar, dictionary, historical information, etc. Some parts of this project are already partially or wholly available online, namely:

  • Contemporary Reference Prose (CRP)
  • Dictionary of Standard Basque in Contemporary Prose (DSBCP)
  • The Lexicon, past and present (LPP)
  • Dictionary of Contemporary Basque (DCB)

In addition to these projects, the IBL has conducted workshops (2002,2005, 2008) on terminology and has compiled a range of materials for teaching university courses in Basque. Also available is a grammar written in English

Given their nature, most of our projects are available in Basque. This explanation in English is intended to give the reader an idea of the type of work undertaken by the Institute.

This lexicon compares, on a scale of 0-10, the use of each term both in the past and in the present, comparing examples and authorities. For each word, the scale indicates, using colours and arrows, the trend of current as compared to past use. An upward arrow indicates that the word is used more now than in the past. Number and colour indicate density of use. Two approaches were adopted in making comparisons with the past: written testimony up to the end of the 19th century, and written testimony up through the first three quarters of the 20th century (at which time authors began writing in the common standard code rather than in the dialects).

The sources used were the following: for the past, the Mitxelena-Sarasola General Basque Dictionary (Diccionario General Vasco); for data on contemporary Basque, the Contemporary Reference Prose corpus (Ereduzko Prosa Gaur), and the Dictionary of Standard Basque in Contemporary Prose (Hiztegi Batua Euskal Prosan),, both available on the Institute for the Basque Language's website. The Dictionary of Contemporary Basque (Egungo Euskararen Hiztegia) was also used and is available at:

This part of the project was partially funded by the Basque Government Department of Culture (as of 2008). Funding was also received from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (HUM2007-29151-E).

LPP (in Basque)

Fecha de la última modificación: 25/01/2009